Video Article Open Access

Silk-Fibroin-Noble-Metal based Bionanocomposites as Ecofriendly Formulation with Antimicrobial and Potent on-site Zika Virus Vector Larvicidal Activities

Dinesh Amalnerkar

1Institute of Nano Science and Technology, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, South Korea

2Department of Technology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune 411007, India

Vid. Proc. Adv. Mater., Volume 3, Article ID 2206285 (2022)

DOI: 10.5185/vpoam.2021.06285

Publication Date (Web): 10 Sep 2022

Copyright © IAAM


Dialyzed natural polymer (fibroin) derived from domesticated silk-worm species Bombyx mori has been explored to synthesize biocompatible silver and gold nanoparticles in-situ in dispersion form. The films of pure fibroin (PF), fibroin-silver nanocomposite (FSNC) and fibroin-gold nanocomposite (FGNC) were also fabricated by drop casting method. The dispersions of PF, FSNC and FGNC were tested for antibacterial activity against E. coli NCIM 2065, S. aureus NCIM 5021, K. pneumoniae NCIM 2957, P. aeruginosa ATCC 9027 and antifungal activity against A. fumigates NCIM 902. FSNC dispersion disclosed an effective antimicrobial action against all the chosen microbes as compared to FGNC dispersion. Additionally, the larvicidal activity of the films was investigated against the larvae of Aedes aegypti. The films of FSNC exhibited 100% mortality while the films of FGNC revealed 86 – 98% mortality against all the larval instars and pupae of A. aegypti. The phytotoxicity study of the nanocomposite films was also performed to confirm the reusability of water. This is the first green bio nanocomposite-based report on prominent larvicidal activity of zika virus vector.


Dinesh Amalnerkar is currently Professor Emeritus at SP Pune University. Previously, he served as the Director General of Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology, Pune (CMET, Government of India) from February 2009 till his superannuation in November 2014. He has long-standing research experience in multi-institutional and multi-country settings. While placed at CMET, he held long-term visiting assignments in Gifu University, Japan & Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology and short-term assignments in Singapore, Switzerland, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Japan and Saudi Arabia. More recently, he worked as Brain-Pool Invited Scientist at Sungkyunkwan University and Hanyang University, South Korea. His versatile research contributions in Functional Electronic & Nanostructured Materials and Nano-bioscience include 240 peer-reviewed research papers, 24 Indian Patents, 3 US Patents, 1 Book Chapter and 3 Technology Transfers. He is an Elected Fellow of Maharashtra Academy of Sciences and Indian Chemical Society. He is recipient of the Materials Research Society of India’s (MRSI) prestigious Medal Award in the year 2008 for his significant contributions in Materials Science and Engineering. He has also received rare distinction of Honorary Fellowship of Indian Society of Analytical Scientists (ISAS) conferred upon him in Special Function held during Indian Analytical Science Congress (Feb 2022). 

Video Proceedings of Advanced Materials

Upcoming Congress